Galeazzi record breaking concrete pour - Mapei admixtures
One of the largest continuous massive concrete pours in the world to form the foundations of a new hospital in Milan.

The 28th of May this year marked the end of placing the largest ever concrete foundation slab in Europe: 33,000 m3 of concrete pumped non-stop for 94 hours by a total workforce of 106 working round the clock for Unical SPa, the concrete supplier. The new Galeazzi Orthopaedics Institute is being built in the area of Milan that hosted Expo 2015. Once completed it will have 16 floors and will reach a height of 90 m, for a total surface area of 150,000 m2.

The new structure will encompass the skills and specialisations of two Institutes from the San Donato Hospital Group within one single complex: the IRCCS Galeazzi Orthopaedic Institute and the Sant’Ambrogio Institute.The building is being constructed on a seamless foundation slab measuring 190x50 m with a thickness of up to 3.5 m.

The record recently established was for one of the largest volumes of placed concrete ever achieved in the world, by using mixing units just outside the site.



Mapei was commissioned by the Works Direction to use its mobile laboratories to take samples and carry out tests on the fresh concrete (slump-flow, J-ring, V-funnel) and to assist during the various preliminary phases prior to carrying out the pour: the design stage, development of the right mix-design, organisation of site logistics, defining the testing schedule and acceptance criteria and monitoring of the concrete after it had been placed.

A special, bespoke concrete was designed for the massive concrete casting which had been carefully developed and modelled using analytical tools to verify its behaviour in terms of temperature trends and rheological characteristics.

Unical Technical Services Department designed the mix so that, once all the components had been charged into the various mixing units, the preparation phase could be completed, and the concrete could be checked when it arrived on site. Two check-points were set up on site and, when the concrete was delivered, staff from the Unical Technical Services Department checked each mixer truck to make sure each batch complied with the specified rheological properties.

DYNAMON XTEND W500 N was used to achieve the results required, an acrylic super-plasticiser for concrete of the latest generation, specifically formulated to mix concrete with a low water/cement ratio and a good maintenance of workability.

Thanks to its special, innovative formulation, DYNAMON XTEND W500 N is an efficient agent used to disperse cement particles, so that the amount of water required for mixing is considerably reduced.

Compared with normal concrete without an admixture, DYNAMON XTEND W500 N allows to design concrete mixes with more than 20% less water, a good workability time, and negligible loss in workability while being transported and unloaded on site.

This admixture was used together with DYNAMON EW, an admixture based on modified acrylic polymer that allows to extend the workability of concrete for extended periods, and MAPETARD, a liquid set-retarding admixture for concrete with low slump loss.

Project information

embedded structure
Milan, Italy
Built in
supplying admixtures for concrete
Start and finish date
Application Type
Admixtures for concrete
Real Estate Gruppo Ospedaliero San Donato
Contractor company
Edile Engineering & Construction SpA
Installer companies
Unical SpA
Binini Partners Architects
Specialists involved
Binini Partners Architects
MAPEI Coordination
Massimiliano Nicastro, Andrea Siboni, Pietro Lattarulo, Mapei SpA (Italy)
#hospital #infrastructures
Photo/Video Gallery
Product Lines
Admixtures for concrete
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