The tunnels where Mapei products were employed are in an urban area with a particularly high volume of traffic and a containment wall had to be built to support the ground to prevent subsidence before tunnelling work could commence.
The chosen waterproofing system included a double-layer of PVC membranes including MAPEPLAN TU S and MAPEPLAN PROTECTION.
MAPEPLAN TU S is a single layer waterproofing membrane with orange signal layer. MAPEPLAN PROTECTION is a homogeneous black membrane, used as protection layer of the MAPEPLAN PVC synthetic waterproofing membranes. MAPEPLAN TU S membrane was installed around the structure and divided into compartments measuring 150 - 200 m2 with IDROSTOP PVC BEC ME 32T waterstops.
The waterstops also included a network of IDROSTOP MULTI 11 re-injectable hoses, which were used to seal and waterproof injections in construction joints.
MICROCEM 8000 was chosen to reduce infiltrations into the various compartments, a micro-fine hydraulic binder with pozzolanic action for ground consolidation and waterproofing throughout injections into cementitious mixes.
For the anchor points a special waterproofing system had to be designed, and the solution was to form a collar of MAPEPLAN TU S membrane filled to one third its height with MAPEGEL UTT SYSTEM gel. This was then encapsulated in PLANIGROUT 300 ME PCT epoxy resin grout, which is used to form structural anchors (and distributed in Qatar by Mapei Doha).
CUTTING-EDGE TECHNOLOGY FOR UNDERGROUND WORKS
The Doha Metro Railway has proven to be a challenge from both a technical point of view and an architectural point of view.
Tunnelling operations were carried out by a full-section, 7.1 m diameter EPB (Earth Pressure Balanced) type TBM (Tunnel Boring Machine), specially designed to operate in areas with water under high pressure.
Mapei provided support for the contractors when they were choosing the most suitable products for underground operations, which were specifically selected to guarantee excellent performance from the TBM cutting head, even under such challenging geological and hydrological conditions.
This is why POLYFOAMER FP and POLYFOAMER FP/LL liquid foaming agents were chosen, specifically developed to condition soil during mechanised tunnelling operations, along with MAPEDRILL M3 liquid synthetic polymer for water-based fluids to be employed in mechanized tunnelling and drilling.
CEMENTITIOUS COATINGS AND CERAMIC COVERINGS
The product chosen to create seamless flooring with a “terrazzo alla veneziana” effect in various stations (200,000 m2 ) of several lines of the Doha metro, was ULTRATOP self-levelling mortar, which is used to create floors resistant to abrasion and wear caused by intense foot traffic.
The first step was to apply a coat of PRIMER SN with a smooth steel trowel. The still fresh surface was fully broadcast with QUARTZ 1.2 quartz sand in order to guarantee the perfect bonding of the next layer of ULTRATOP mortar.
Metal profiles were installed to set the required aesthetic effect according to the lay-out of the project.
ULTRATOP, combined with the required aggregates or coloured glasses, was then applied at the required thickness. After several operations of grinding and polishing, surface pinholes, which inevitably came out after these treatments, were repaired with ULTRATOP STUCCO grout; the polishing operations were finally carried out until a smooth and shining surface was obtained. MAPECRETE STAIN PROTECTION and MAPELUX LUCIDA were applied on the surface as a final finish.
Installation of a mixture of hexagonal, molten glass finish tiles on a 75,000 m2 surface of the curved walls required a product that was up to the job. The mosaic tiles, in a pale blue colour with the Qatar Rail logo printed on them and with an opalescent finish, were made by Mosaico+ (a subsidiary of Mapei Group) exclusively for this project.
And for this part of the work, the product chosen was ADESILEX P10, a high-performance cementitious adhesive, with no vertical slip and extended open time. To improve its performance characteristics and deformability to the requirements of class S1 (deformable adhesive) according to EN 12004 standards, 50% of the mixing water for ADESILEX P10 adhesive was replaced with ISOLASTIC latex additive.
This bonding system also has the capacity to withstand vibrations generated by passing trains.
To grout the joints of the mosaic tiles in the prayer rooms and ablution rooms (5,000 m2), the product chosen was ULTRACOLOR PLUS high-performance, antiefflorescence, quick-setting and drying polymer-modified mortar.